Richard and Maurice McDonald opened a barbecue drive-in in 1940 in the city of San Bernardino, California. Most of these have had to make a lot of changes to their standard menus to cater to Indian food habits and taste preferences. Fast food zıwanê ma de beno rew werdış, namê werdanê ke bufe u restoranan de pewciyenê u uca de weriyenê. In Nigeria, Mr. Bigg's, Chicken Republic, Tantalizers, and Tastee Fried Chicken are the predominant fast food chains. [84], There have been books and films, such as the 2004 film Super Size Me, designed to highlight the potential negative health effects from the overconsumption of fast food such as its contribution to obesity. Homes in emerging cities often lacked adequate space or proper food preparation accouterments. Although a vast variety of food can be "cooked fast", "fast food" is a commercial term limited to food sold in a restaurant or store with frozen, preheated or precooked ingredients, and served to the customer in a packaged form for take-out/take-away. ", "Differential associations of fast food and restaurant food consumption with 3-y change in body mass index: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study", "Environmental Influences on Eating and Physical Activity", The Role of Built Environments in Physical Activity, Eating, and Obesity in Childhood, "Fast Food Consumption, Quality of Diet, and Obesity among Isfahanian Adolescent Girls", Study finds deregulation fuelling obesity epidemic. Meat is shaven from a rotisserie, and is served on a warmed flatbread with salad and a choice of sauce and dressing. For example, in October 2005 during a midst of plummeting sales in Japan, McDonald's added a shrimp burger to the Japanese menu. [46] Some outlets offering Halal options include KFC, Nando's, Pizza Express, and Subway. [20], A blue plaque at Oldham's Tommyfield Market marks the origin of the fish and chip shop and fast food industries. A study done in the city of Jeddah has shown that current fast-food habits are related to the increase of overweight and obesity among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. A l’époque, on parlait déjà de malbouffe, mais la restau Modern commercial fast food is highly processed and prepared on a large scale from bulk ingredients using standardized cooking and production methods and equipment. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The fast food industry is popular in the United States, the source of most of its innovation, and many major international chains are based there. ), with waiting time reduced to mere seconds. Petrol Stations in Australia sell foods such as hot pies, sandwiches, and chocolate bars, which are easy for a customer to access while on their journey. It is usually rapidly served in cartons, bags, or in a plastic wrapping, in a fashion which reduces operating costs by allowing rapid product identification and counting, promoting longer holding time, avoiding transfer of bacteria, and facilitating order fulfillment. Collaborative design techniques, such as rapid visualization and computer-aided design of restaurant kitchens are now being used to establish equipment specifications that are consistent with restaurant operating and merchandising requirements. [citation needed]. Other fast food outlets, primarily the hamburger outlets (McDonald's, Burger King, etc.) [9][10] The two partners eventually decided to invest their money in Jacksonville, Florida-based Insta-Burger King. Travelers such as pilgrims en route to a holy site, were among the customers. This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 11:57. Bowman, Steven L. Gortmaker, Cara B. Ebbeling, Mark A. Pereira, David S. Ludwig. In 2012 the fast food industry spent $4.6 billion to advertise unhealthy products to children and teens according to a report by the Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity. En effet, par exemple en France le plus grand Coca correspond au plus petit aux Etats-Unis. There are also local chains like Teremok specializing in Russian cuisine or having elements of it added into their menu. Since the Second World War, turkey has been used more frequently in fast food. [41] Some businesses have taken off and had success in this market with healthy foods and due to many health concerns and fast food stereotypes, it is emerging as an expected thing. The most common sauce to accompany french fries is fritessaus. Siu mei is offered throughout the day. Si manghja in i ristoranti «fast food». "Honk for Service: A Man, A Tray and the Glory Days of the Drive-In Restaurant". More recently, healthier alternatives to conventional fast food have also emerged. Une salade, pour rester fraiche et appétissante, est traitée avec une douzaine de produits chimiques (d’après In the latter case, a contract is made between the franchisee and the parent company, typically requiring the franchisee to pay an initial, fixed fee in addition to a continual percentage of monthly sales. [19] The development of trawler fishing in the mid-nineteenth century led to the development of a British favourite, fish and chips, and the first shop in 1860. They are of the view that other social factors such as television watching, video games and playing were controlled to assess the real impacts of the fast foods. Fifty-six percent of students consume fast food on a weekly basis. In comparison, the full-service restaurant segment of the food industry is expected to generate $173 billion in sales. Obtaining Human Resource Management diploma or diploma in Fast Food Management can help to get a job in major fast food restaurants since it is one of the most desired. The Insta-Broiler oven proved so successful at cooking burgers, they required all of their franchises to carry the device. In the Philippines, fast-food is the same as in the US. Frying foods in vats of searing oil proved as dangerous as it was expensive, and homeowners feared that a rogue cooking fire "might easily conflagrate an entire neighborhood". [9] Many fast foods tend to be high in saturated fat, sugar, salt and calories. [44] Specifically, fast food restaurants have been increasing their advertising efforts that target black and Hispanic youth. [48] The employment rate for Australians working in the fast food industry is increasingly high, with 17% of people working within the fast food sector in Australia. As part of his commitment to cleanliness, Kroc often took part in cleaning his own Des Plaines, Illinois outlet by hosing down the garbage cans and scraping gum off the cement. A Dutch fast food meal often consists of a portion of french fries (called friet or patat) with a sauce and a meat product. This sense of trust leads to increased customer loyalty which gives the company a source of recurring business. The Atlantic. In Canada the majority of fast food chains are American owned or were originally American owned but have since set up a Canadian management/headquarters locations such as Panera Bread, Chipotle Mexican Grill, Five Guys, and Carl's Jr.. The filling often includes fish, seafood, chicken or cucumber. Het wordt doorgaans verkocht bij daarvoor gespecialiseerde restaurants en kraampjes zoals snackbars.. De fastfoodindustrie is een zeer grote, lucratieve industrie, die groeit doordat mensen steeds minder tijd nemen om zelf te koken. Common menu items at fast food outlets include fish and chips, sandwiches, pitas, hamburgers, fried chicken, french fries, onion rings, chicken nuggets, tacos, pizza, hot dogs, and ice cream, though many fast food restaurants offer "slower" foods like chili, mashed potatoes, and salads. A patatje speciaal, with frietsaus, curry ketchup or tomato ketchup, and chopped raw onions, is popular fast food in the Netherlands. The fast food industry is a popular target for critics, from anti-globalization activists like José Bové to vegetarian activist groups such as PETA as well as the workers themselves. [citation needed] Drive-through restaurants were first popularized in the 1950s in the United States. There are two basic requirements identified in the guidelines for foods that are advertised for children: (1) The food has to include healthful ingredients; (2) The food can't contain unhealthful amounts of sugar, Saturated fat, Trans fat, and salt. Burger King has more than 11,100 restaurants in more than 65 countries. Aujourd’hui, un repas au fast-food est devenu un non-événement, un acte totalement banal, et même quotidien pour certains (faites gaffe quand même, hein, 5 fruits, légumes, tout ça …). Further north in Punjab and Haryana, chole-bhature are very popular and in Bihar and Jharkhand litti-chokha is their staple fast food. [citation needed] Franchise operations that are part of restaurant chains have standardized foodstuffs shipped to each restaurant from central locations. In his best-selling 2001 book Fast Food Nation, investigative journalist Eric Schlosser leveled a broad, socioeconomic critique against the fast food industry, documenting how fast food rose from small, family-run businesses (like the McDonald brothers' burger joint) into large, multinational corporate juggernauts whose economies of scale radically transformed agriculture, meat processing, and labor markets in the late twentieth century. [13] It was during post-WWII American economic boom that Americans began to spend more and buy more as the economy boomed and a culture of consumerism bloomed. Also suggesting the lawyers were poisoned to "get fat" off McDonald's. In Egypt, Indonesia, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Pakistan, and Singapore, all menu items are halal. [39], In contrast to the rest of the world, American citizens spend a much smaller amount of their income on food — largely due to various government subsidies that make fast food cheap and easily accessible. Workers, and working families, needed quick service and inexpensive food for both lunch and dinner. [26] Sometimes it is necessary for a franchisee to modify the way the restaurant/store runs to meet the needs of local customers. Sushi has seen rapidly rising popularity recently in the Western world. [10], The traditional family dinner is increasingly being replaced by the consumption of takeaway fast food. [40] Calorie for calorie, foods sold in fast food restaurants, costs less and is more energy-dense, and is made mostly of products that the government subsidizes heavily: corn, soy, and beef. There is a strong priority on "speed of service". fast-food (n.m.). Rentrons dans le vif du sujet. Le soir, alors que Buffy discute avec Spike qui est venu la voir, un employé est assassiné. — (Route Nationale, page 88, Lol Briggs, Bryan Goodman-Stephens, Paul Rogers, 1994) Variantes orthographiques [modifier le wikicode] fast-food Popular Indian fast food dishes include vada pav, panipuri and dahi vada. [8], At roughly the same time as Kroc was conceiving what eventually became McDonald's Corporation, two Miami, Florida businessmen, James McLamore and David Edgerton, opened a franchise of the predecessor to what is now the international fast food restaurant chain Burger King. Lieu où l'on mange ces plats. En 1948, Richard et Maurice McDonald ouvrent le premier restaurant du meme nom, à San Bernadino (Californie). Holtzbrink Publishers. In the cities of Roman antiquity, much of the urban population living in insulae, multi-story apartment blocks, depended on food vendors for much of their meal; the Forum itself served as a marketplace where Romans could purchase baked goods and cured meats. In this automatic format, a counter is available for purchasing French fries, beverages, krokets, frikandellen, kaassoufflés and hamburgers and other snacks can be bought from the automats. [52] Although further lawsuits have not materialized, the issue is kept alive in the media and political circles by those promoting the need for tort reform. Random House. There is a long history of fast food advertising campaigns, many of which are directed at children. [citation needed] The variety of gastronomic preferences across the regions, hereditary or acquired, has brought about different modules across the country.Many of the traditional dishes have been adapted to suit the emerging fast food outlets. Momo, Haldiram's, Faaso's and Café Coffee Day. Die Kategorie beinhaltet auch Gerichte, die regional keiner Hauptmahlzeit, sondern für eine Zwischenmahlzeit, Snack, Imbiss, Vesper u.ä. Another international fast food chain is KFC, which sells chicken-related products and is the number 1 fast food company in the People's Republic of China. Fast Food Nation. The largest McDonald's in the world, with 25,000 feet of play tubes, an arcade and play center, is located in Orlando, Florida, United States[52][clarification needed], There are numerous other fast food restaurants located all over the world. Convenience stores located within many petrol/gas stations sell pre-packaged sandwiches, doughnuts, and hot food. Petrol stations are a place that are often open long hours and are open before and after shop trading hours therefore it makes it easy to access for consumers. [32] It is usually rapidly served in cartons or bags or in a plastic wrapping, in a fashion that minimizes cost. In addition, although some people dislike fast food for its predictability, it can be reassuring to a hungry person in a hurry or far from home. Common menu items at fast food outlets include fish and chips, sandwiches, pitas, hamburgers, fried chicken, french fries, chicken nuggets, tacos, pizza, and ice cream, although many fast food restaurants offer "slower" foods like chili, mashed potatoes, and salads. [46] The median age of workers in the industry in 2013 was 28. McDonald's in India, for example, uses chicken and paneer rather than beef and pork in their burgers because Hinduism traditionally forbids eating beef. Arguably, the first fast food restaurants originated in the United States with White Castle in 1921. [citation needed], Over time, fast food restaurants have been growing rapidly, especially in urban neighborhoods. [53], In response to this, the "Cheeseburger Bill" [54] was passed by the US House of Representatives in 2004; it later stalled in the US Senate. Research in social stratification and mobility 25.3 (2007): 189–203. FEBO is one of the largest of such types of fast-food restaurants with automats.[20]. Advertising on Spanish speaking channels increased by 8% in 2012, with KFC and Burger King increasing spending in this demographic by 35% while cutting down on their regular advertising within English speaking channels. This includes meals serviced at 17,000 fast food outlets. [58] Pizza Hut is located in 97 countries, with 100 locations in China. Brands; and Domino's Pizza, a pizza chain known for popularizing home delivery of fast food. The food served in fast food restaurants is typically part of a "meat-sweet diet", offered from a limited menu, cooked in bulk in advance and kept hot, finished and packaged to order, and usually available for take away, though seating may be provided. November 13, 2015. fast food Définition, traduction, prononciation, anagramme et synonyme sur le dictionnaire libre Wiktionnaire. [25], Curb service was introduced in the late 1920s and was mobilized in the 1940s when carhops strapped on roller skates. Additionally, procuring cooking fuel could cost as much as purchased produce. It mentions the fast food restaurants McDonald's, Kentucky Fried Chicken and Pizza Hut. Despite the success of their operation, the partners discovered that the design of the insta-broiler made the unit's heating elements prone to degradation from the drippings of the beef patties. Many fast foods are rich in calories as they include considerable amounts of mayonnaise, cheese, salt, fried meat, and oil, thus containing high fat content (Schlosser). As a result, the time invested on food preparation is getting lower, with an average couple in the United States spending 47 minutes and 19 seconds per day on food preparation in 2013.[11]. Moreover, it is much more expensive to discharge a franchisee for noncompliance with company standards, than it is to discharge an employee for that same reason. Their streamlined production method, which they named the "Speedee Service System" was influenced by the production line innovations of Henry Ford. In large cities, these restaurants may offer free delivery for purchases over a minimum amount. One of the major parts of his business plan was to promote cleanliness of his restaurants to growing groups of Americans that had become aware of food safety issues. By manipulating food's taste, sugar and fat content, and directing their advertising to children, the suit argued that the company purposely misleads the public about the nutritional value of its product. [79], Despite so much popularity, fast foods and fast-food chains have adverse impacts not only on the job and social skills, but on the health and academic performance of students. [35] With obesity especially being seen among children, places like McDonald's and other fast food restaurants take the majority of the blame. The Dutch have their own types of fast food. Seen as symbols of US dominance and perceived cultural imperialism, American fast food franchises have often been the target of Anti-globalization protests and demonstrations against the US government. Singer, Peter and Mason, Jim. [citation needed]. Other prominent international fast food companies include Burger King, the number two hamburger chain in the world, known for promoting its customized menu offerings (Have it Your Way). [49] McDonald's alone, has outlets in 126 countries on 6 continents and operates over 31,000 restaurants worldwide.[50]. Excessive consumption of fatty ingredients such as these results in unbalanced diet. In 2015, a study developed by was published in the Irish Times, which named Swords in County Dublin as Ireland's 'fast food capital'.[19]. Il n'y a pas de problèmes, j'aime! American chains such as Domino's Pizza, McDonald's, Pizza Hut, and KFC have a big presence in Japan, but local gyudon chains such as Sukiya, Matsuya and Yoshinoya also blanket the country. The content of fast food pies has varied, with poultry (such as chickens) or wildfowl commonly being used. November 13, 2015. In the Netherlands, walk-up fast food restaurants with automatiek, a typical Dutch vending machine, are found throughout the country, most notably in Amsterdam. By 1954, The McDonald brothers' stand was restaurant equipment manufacturer Prince Castle's biggest purchaser of milkshake blending machines. In addition to home-grown chains such as Supermac's, numerous American chains such as McDonald's and Burger King have also established a presence in Ireland. Sales records can be generated and remote access to computer reports can be given to corporate offices, managers, troubleshooters, and other authorized personnel. A hamburger, side of fries, and drink commonly constitute a value meal—or combo depending on the chain. Paradox of Plenty: a Social History of Eating in Modern America. Howard Johnson's first franchised the restaurant concept in the mid-1930s, formally standardizing menus, signage and advertising. A quick serving of South Indian thali at Haldiram's Gurgaon restaurant. "Fast Food Song" is a song made famous by British-based band the Fast Food Rockers, although it existed long before they recorded it, as a popular children's playground song. Enticed by the success of the McDonald's concept, Kroc signed a franchise agreement with the brothers and began opening McDonald's restaurants in Illinois. Pediatrics Vol. The chains have responded by "reducing packaging waste". On a single day in 1952, the shop served 10,000 portions of fish and chips, earning a place in the Guinness Book of Records.[22]. Most international fast food chains like Subway, McDonald's, Burger King etc. [80] The researcher who wrote Fast Food Nation, Eric Schlosser, highlights this fact, arguing that this is not only a financial but also a psychological bait, in that the students are lured towards this early employment opportunity knowing little that the time spent on this no-skill-learning job is wasted. Drive through and walk through configurations will allow orders to be taken at one register and paid at another. As a result, they could produce hamburgers and fries constantly, without waiting for customer orders, and could serve them immediately; hamburgers cost 15 cents, about half the price at a typical diner. Print. This type of food is also often served with french fries (called batatas fritas), some international chains started appearing specialized in some of the typical Portuguese fast food such as Nando's. Multinational corporations typically modify their menus to cater to local tastes, and most overseas outlets are owned by native franchisees. Joseph Horn and Frank Hardart had already opened the first Horn & Hardart Automat in Philadelphia in 1902, but their "Automat" at Broadway and 13th Street, in New York City, created a sensation. Maid-Rite restaurant is one of the oldest chain fast food restaurants in the United States. The fast food market has experienced an average annual growth rate of 6.5 percent, which is the most rapidly growing sector of the retail food market. It is a sweet, vinegary and low fat mayonnaise substitute, that the Dutch nevertheless still call "mayonnaise". [45], According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, about 4.1 million U.S. workers are employed in food preparation and serving (including fast food) as of 2010. April 10, 2013. Catering trucks (also called food trucks) often park just outside worksites and are popular with factory workers. but take great pains to point out to the customer that the "meat and potatoes" (hamburgers and french fries) are always cooked fresh (or at least relatively recently) and assembled "to order" (like at a diner). [citation needed]. Dai pai dong and traditional Hong Kong street food may be considered close relatives of the conventional fast food outlet. [31] It was the first-ever recall of a genetically modified food. Outlets may be stands or kiosks, which may provide no shelter or seating,[2] or fast food restaurants (also known as quick service restaurants). Often this seafood was cooked directly on the quay or close by. Some of the most popular foods include frango assado (Piri-piri grilled chicken previously marinated), francesinha, francesinha poveira, espetada (turkey or pork meat on two sticks) and bifanas (pork cutlets in a specific sauce served as a sandwich). Restaurant où le client est servi très rapidement. [37] Fast food restaurants use kid's meals with toys, kid friendly mascots, vibrant colors, and play areas to draw children toward their products. This process ensures a consistent level of product quality, and is key to delivering the order quickly to the customer and avoiding labor and equipment costs in the individual stores. . - Derrière le bar : où chaque semaine vous apprendrez a réalisé un cocktails et bien plus encore. In 2005, for example, rioters in Karachi, Pakistan, who were initially angered because of the bombing of a Shiite mosque, destroyed a KFC restaurant.[50]. [32][33] The environmental group Friends of the Earth that had first detected the contaminated shells was critical of the FDA for not doing its own job. Le petit plus sera des visites de cuisines étoilées avec des rencontres de grands chefs qui vous donneront des petites astuces pour vos plats préférés. Upon opening for business, the franchisee oversees the day-to-day operations of the restaurant and acts as a manager of the store. Buffy a décidé de travailler dans un fast food, le Double Mixte Palace. [35] Research concludes that children and adolescents ranging from twelve to nineteen years old consume twice as many calories from fast food restaurants than children ranging from two to eleven years old. [33] Menus are more limited and standardized than in traditional pizzerias, and pizza delivery is offered. [59] Taco Bell has 278 restaurants located in 14 countries besides the United States. [78] In addition to health critics, there are suggestions for the fast-food industry to become more eco-friendly. Le fast-food halal est historiquement dominé de la tête et des épaules par les kebabs, ces petits points de vente dans lesquels les consommateurs de viande halal achètent les « döner kebabs » (« grillade tournante »), ce sandwich d'origine turque garni de viande de veau, de dinde ou de poulet. A fast food chain restaurant is generally owned either by the parent company of the fast food chain or a franchisee – an independent party given the right to use the company's trademark and trade name. Web. In Portugal, there are some varieties of local fast-food and restaurants specialized in this type of local cuisine. [25], Many companies also adapt to their different local areas to support the needs of the customers. It trails only the burger industry in supplying children's fast food calories. Nearly from its inception, fast food has been designed to be eaten "on the go," often does not require traditional cutlery, and is eaten as a finger food. The term "fast food" was recognized in a dictionary by Merriam–Webster in 1951.[1]. [35] The number of children and adolescents as well as adults eating out everyday is only seen to progress and rise. [26] Tactical applies to accounting for hiring of personnel and suppliers as well as financial decisions to adapt to the local customers. [4][5][6][7][8] Controlling for other diet and lifestyle confounders of fast food consumers often doesn’t attenuate these associations and it sometimes strengthens the association between fast food consumption and mortality. As a result, the fast-food-industry business model of low wages, non-existent benefits, and limited work hours costs taxpayers an average of nearly $7 billion every year". The term "fast food" was recognized in a dictionary by Merriam–Webster in 1951. [39] As a result of this focus, in 2008 a coalition was created and run by the Council of Better Business Bureaus called Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative(CFBAI), to stop ads aimed at children or to promote only what the council dubs "better-for- you" products in ads directed towards children. Numerous Automat restaurants were built around the country to deal with the demand. What is certain, however, is that White Castle made the first significant effort to standardize the food production in, look of, and operation of fast food hamburger restaurants. [35], Fast food outlets have become popular with consumers for several reasons. Fast food has been losing market share to so-called fast casual restaurants, which offer more robust and expensive cuisines. Fast food is a type of mass-produced food designed for commercial resale and with a strong priority placed on "speed of service" versus other relevant factors involved in culinary science. 1 January 1, 2004 pp. This makes it possible for kitchen crew people to view orders placed at the front counter or drive through in real time. Sometimes the regionality of a dish became part of the culture of its respective area, such as the Cornish pasty and deep-fried Mars bar. The fast food industry in India has evolved with the changing lifestyles of the young Indian population. However, brands like Wimpy still remain,[18] although the majority of branches became Burger King in 1989. "The McLawsuit: The Fast-Food Industry And Legal Accountability For Obesity". Parents could have a few minutes of peace while children played or amused themselves with the toys included in their Happy Meal. Ready made food at a Haldiram's restaurant in Delhi for quick service. Australia's fast food market began in 1968, with the opening of several American franchises including McDonald's and KFC. Most historians agree that the American company White Castle was the first fast food outlet, starting in Wichita, Kansas in 1916 with food stands and founding in 1921, selling hamburgers for five cents apiece from its inception and spawning numerous competitors and emulators. Voir aussi : Fastfood , fastfood , fast-food They claim this funding allows these workers to "afford health care, food, and other basic necessities".[30][31]. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Fast Food Industry Analysis 2018 – Cost & Trends", "The link between fast food and depression has been confirmed", "Susan Cohan Colon Cancer Foundation: Prevention: Eating Well/Diet", "Red meat and colon cancer – Harvard Health", "Pre-pregnancy fried food consumption and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study", "Exporting Diabetes to Asia: The Impact of Western-Style Fast Food", "Definition of Fast Foods | LIVESTRONG.COM", "Nutritional challenges and health implications of takeaway and fast food", "Harry Ramsden's famous original fish and chip shop faces closure after losses", "The Evolution of the Quick Service Restaurant", " Food and Beverage Serving and Related Workers", "Resistant to the recession: low-income adults' maintenance of cooking and away-from-home eating behaviors during times of economic turbulence", "Super-Sizing public costs: How Low Wages at Top Fast-Food Chains Leave Taxpayers Footing the Bill", "Fast Food, Poverty Wages: The Public Cost of Low-wage jobs in the Fast Food Industry", "A New Method to Monitor the Contribution of Fast Food Restaurants to the Diets of US Children", "Federation of Fish Friers – Serving the Fish and Chips Industry – History", "Fast Food Industry Analysis 2015 – Cost & Trends", "Where to Eat? As in Roman cities during antiquity, many of these establishments catered to those who did not have means to cook their own food, particularly single households. [39] Many fast food industries have started to comply with the guidelines. Ajoutons également qu’elle est très « chimique ». Although the case is usually American fast food chains expanding into Canada, Canadian chains such as Tim Hortons have expanded into 22 states in the United States, but are more prominent in border states such as New York and Michigan. "Effects of Fast-Food Consumption on Energy Intake and Diet Quality Among Children in a National Household Survey".