Le Chow-Chow est originaire d'Asie Centrale. Generally, pink / light nails are referenced in relation to creams. Video Gallery. She is the sunshine of our days , she is always playing, giving us love and making funny faces!!! Cream appears as a recessive, not dominant, trait, irrespective of the manner in which the colour is expressed in individual Chows. on the vast majority of creams this nose will manifest more pink in later years. The solid cream Chow Chow can have black lips and a dark blue tongue equal to that of the red and black Chow Chows. - a dilute cream refers to a cream where the lips are blue/grey, the tongue is a medium blue, the flews and palate are medium-light grey, eyes are medium brown and the eyerims are blue-grey to slate (dark grey) (irrespective of the nose colour). 1895 UK Breed Standard: Coats are of two types. By currently understood genetic information, blue, fawn and dilute cream dogs cannot have as dark brown eyes as red, black and solid cream dogs. The chow chow is a medium-sized dog ranging in height from 17 to 20 inches and in weight from 50 pounds to 75 pounds (23 to 34 kilograms). Acknowledgement of the articles' original appearance on this website The coat can vary in length from 5cm in length to 10cm on the top coat, with texture being slightly harsher than the Rough. Chow Chow Dogs for Adoption near Waterford, Virginia, USA, Page 1 (10 per page) PuppyFinder.com is proud to be a part of the online adoption community. Phone Number. These guys here are professional breeders who truly care for the welfare of their puppies. Chow Chow dog names should highlight this ancient Chinese breed’s best qualities. ANKC/NZKC: Nose black …with the exception of cream and white in which case a light-coloured nose is permissible and in blues and fawns a self-coloured nose,  but in all colours a black nose is preferable. They are usually born cream with light tan legs and ears, which eventually fades as they become adults. References mention very dark eyes. For instance, if it has other much needed qualities within a limited genepool. Mum is our cream chow Dad is my brothers red chow Bought up in a family home with other animals and children.be well socialised and loving dogs. Such Chows should ideally be submitted for DNA profiling to both verify parentage and provide important DNA colour information so that they can be responsibly incorporated into breeding programs to retain this rare trait. Health issues are of paramount importance for us too and we do careful health evaluation of our breeding stock that includes DNA testing for breed-specific disorders. | FREE Curbside Pickup, Just Call (319)512-7949. Read our Covid-19 safe buying guide. CKC: Eyes dark … They are usually born cream with light tan legs and ears, which eventually fades as they become adults. Report. Looking for her new forever home. Paul Odenkirchen and his wife Minnie founded their Mi-Pao Kennels in 1957. Due to lighting conditions and other influences, some dilute Chow Chows may appear to have black noses and this may have led to such wording. Their mouth tissue (flews) and palate will be a medium to light grey colour. Well when my vet got it and checked it, he said it was one of the best samples he had ever checked when someone used chilled semen. Age: 11 Weeks Old. March 5 1948 Colors could somehow influence on how much a Chow Chow costs. With a kind and energetic personality, Chow Chow love to be around people. We couldn’t be happier ! With his deep-set eyes and large head, accentuated by a mane of hair, the Chow Chow (Chow for short) is an impressive-looking dog. Thus one can have black lips on a cream Chow, with pink gums and a very dark tongue. He has been a tremendous addition to our family. I wanted to write and let you know how little Lizzy is adjusting to her new home. He is a real cuddle bug yet loves to play with his toys and fetch. She has claimed several parts of the house and furniture as her own. Left: From the book - "The Chow Chow" by Lady Dunbar of Mochrum (1922). ~, http://homepage.usask.ca/~schmutz/ChowColor.html, http://bowlingsite.mcf.com/Genetics/ColorGen.html. For the purposes of this article: Note: Brown noses occur very occasionally in red and fawn dogs. show in Holland Park and can recall seeing Ch Hildewell Ba Tang. Chow Chow puppies are born with pink mouth pigmentation. USA: Edges of the lips black, tissues of the mouth mostly black, gums preferably black. Elevage de Chow Chow LOF dans le Finistère en Bretagne. In not recognizing the influence of the dilution gene, some Breed Standards again call for what is currently understood to be a genetic impossibility - blue/fawns and creams having an equally dark tongue and black mouth tissues and gums as the reds/blacks.  Due to lighting conditions and other influences, these dilute Chow Chows may appear to have darker mouths than they actually do and this may have led to the wording. Chow-chow noir, fauve, crème, bleu en poils court et longue. Price: $800 Establish whether a Chow has a generally very light or dark pigmentation, or if only some aspects of its pigmentation are more or less desirable.  Research the depth of the more or less desirable pigmentation as far back as possible in the pedigree. https://www.petbarn.com.au/petspot/dog/dog-breeds/chow-chow Lips, gums and palate are described as black when generally referring to red and black dogs. At first she really enjoyed her new crate for about a month but now since we let her roam in the house she stays mostly in the sunroom with Ken. Knowledge of genetics is constantly growing, though many aspects remain unclear. We are a small but very dedicated group whose passion is to find the perfect, loving forever family for each of our fosters. Tongue pigment can be undesireable on any colour. Price: $950 Find Chow Chow Puppies and Breeders in your area and helpful Chow Chow information. FCI/UK/RSA: … black with exception of cream and near white, in which case a lighter coloured nose is permissible, and in blues and fawns a self-coloured nose (but black preferable in all cases). The rest of us are equally enamored with the puppy–She is just the perfect addition. the web, it will be appropriate to LINK to the articles which It is genetically possible to maintain the breed standard requirements for black noses in black and red Chow Chows. All our dogs are born, raised and live in our house as a part of our family, kenneling dogs is against our philosophy of dog ownership. A typical brick-red nose on a solid cream, with commendably dark mouth and eye pigmentation. In such Chow Chows, the tongue will manifest as a very dark blue. He enjoys playing, running, snoozing, snuggling, socializing, and walking. Lizzy is a little rough on Chewy when it comes down to eating so we’ve had to feed them separate. Thus a matching colour nose in fawns should correctly be interpreted as a slate grey nose (dilution of black).  HEALTH GUARANTEE, Breed: Chow Chow Records from the time of the Chow Chow’s earliest presence in the west refer to blues having blue/slate noses, fawns having grey, and even a darker fawn nose - ie darker brown nose, and creams having a light/red nose. It comes from a smoke free home. Because historically the solid blue tongue is an unique and critical identifying characteristic of the Chow Chow, any Chow older than six months showing pink splashes on the tongue should be used in breeding only with the greatest amount of caution. Few.references specifically mention lips, flews (mouth tissues) and gums separately. When any program is followed without thorough understanding of pigmentation genetics, it risks damage not only to that breeding program, but certainly also to the future of the breeding pool of which it is part. Flews and roof of mouth black.  POTTY TRAINED Add half a cup of water and bring to a bubbling boil. Read our Covid-19 safe buying guide. Nose leather is generally described as black when referring to black or red Chow Chows. Cream puppies do not have dark masks. However, the solid cream has a dark grey palate and flews and pink gums. See more ideas about chow chow dogs, dogs and puppies, puppies. Chow Chow Africa exists to promote all aspects of the Chow Chow as a breed and specifically in Africa - Tweet. Price: $900 Willing to keep up until Christmas eve. £4,500. Age: 11 Weeks China doll chows breeds and raises quality chow chow puppies.We specialize in cream chow chows. Additional costs in terms of shelter, accessories, and paperwork as well as food and toys will also be considered. Until sufficient DNA colour profiling is done and the information pooled for research, there is no genetic proof that the gene for nose pigment is bound to the colour of coat, pigmentation of the tongue, eye, lip or mouth, excepting for the effect of the dilution gene. To assist us all, the individuals working with these databases are trying to better understand the particular genetics behind the Chow Chow by means of credible research. Il y a quelques siècles il était élevé en tant que chien à viande en Asie ou pour sa fourrure Les Anglais l'ont ensuite importé en Europedepuis la Mongolie, sans doute au 19e siècle. We had many questions about the puppies, their dispositions, and sizes. He produces gorgeous puppies that carry on many of his wonderful traits. His looks might make you think he's mean or ill-tempered, but a well-bred and well-raised Chow isn't aggressive. HOUSE BROKEN People stop us constantly, to play with him. We have been careful not to use barkers, howlers, aggressive or hyper dogs in our breeding program. This black chow chow manifests undesireably light tongue colour for a black chow chow. Photo from @bruno_thechowball (IG) Cream Chow Chows may be nearly white, pale red, ivory, or butterscotch in color. Get Exclusive Offers: Thanks. Some dogs have a rough and a thick coat. Self Red Chow. Monthly Specials. under 12 months - Gums preferably black. – a solid cream refers to a cream where the lips are black, the tongue is dark blue, the flews and palate are dark grey, eyes are dark brown and the eyerims are black (irrespective of the nose colour); but with undesireable pink on the flews (inner lips) and gums. In some photos it could really mix with a huge wad of cloth. We have been looking for a chow chow puppy for 2-3 years, always been skeptical about what I would end up with. Gradually between 1-5 weeks the tongue will colour over and mouth pigmentation will also darken. Chow Chow puppies are born with pink mouth pigmentation. We recommend Erica if you’re thinking of getting a new puppy. He has an amazing pedigree and the best attitude. As the Chow Chow is a hound breed, they will be expected to use their nose a great deal. Loves cuddling and playing. Cream/ Chow Chow: Item Weight: 1.31 Pounds: Item Dimensions LxWxH: 5 x 5 x 4 inches: About this item No animals were harmed in the making of this soft, furry combo of yarns in Go For Faux Duo! on the vast majority of creams this nose will manifest more pink in later years. Dr Sue Ann Bowling, Alaska - http://bowlingsite.mcf.com/Genetics/ColorGen.html, (Note: In South Africa, Inqaba Biotec offers colour variation tests for the B, E and D loci but unfortunately not for the A, K or S loci. A Chow Chow may, after acquiring correct pigment with maturity, lose pigmentation on the surface of the tongue at the site of an injury, which pigmentation may not necessarily return. They will have dark blue/grey or slate (dark grey) lips. Beautiful litter of chow chow puppies 5 boys 2 girls We have 2 cream chow chows available each puppy has its own personality and features mum is a blue chow... 13. pets4homes.co.uk . Therefore, it is vital that breeders accurately familiarize themselves with the genetics of pigmentation. Gilbert White's book 'The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne' (1789), he makes mention of a young gentleman who "..brought home a dog and a bitch of the Chinese breed from Canton, such as are fattened in that country for the purpose of being eaten ... with coarse bristling hair on their backs ... their hind legs were unusually straight without any bend at the hock or ham, to give them an awkward gait when they trotted ... their eyes were jet black, small and piercing; the inside of their lips and mouths of the same colour as their tongues blue. Fawn, blue, and even cream dogs, are described with lighter eye colours being natural and acceptable.  Until sufficient DNA colour profiling is done and the information pooled for research, there is no genetic proof that the gene for tongue pigment is bound to colour of the coat, pigmentation of the nose, eye or lip/mouth colour excepting for the effect of the dilution gene, neither is there such proof that breeding specifically dilutes with other colours produces lighter tongues in these other colours. But at https://creamchowchowpuppies.com, they treated me fair, I have a beautiful baby girl and she is perfect!! Chow Chow puppies with cream, yellow, orange, reddish brown colors are often priced from around $100 to $200 higher than ones with other colors. At only 3 months old he is almost house broken and can sit, spin, lay down and stay on command. May 10, 2020 - The Chow Chow is one of the most ancient breeds dating back to 2,000 years old! Gradually between 1-5 weeks the tongue will colour over and mouth pigmentation will also darken. Thanks so much for working with me under strict time constraints. You were supportive open and honest throughout the entire process. 3 male cream pure breed chow chow pups born 4/26/2018, american kennel club/continental kennel club reg, parents on premises. Hi there, we are very glad to share an updated picture of our Jane, which we got a couple of months before from you. Ready to go 15th of December. In order to achieve this, as many historical records as possible - including the oldest possible (from East and West) - must be used as reference. All cream chow chows have pink gums. The splashed tongue can quickly create great problems within a breeding line and even a country’s genepool. at all times strives to remain independent, fair and non-partisan in serving the interests of the breed, at home and abroad. … Whilst we have lumped them together here, as in the Breed Standards, the gene which dictates the tongue colour appears not to be genetically bound to that dictating the general mouth colour. Disqualifying points – red nose except in yellow or white specimens. This unique pairing of yarns lets you combine textures using just one … Age: 11 Weeks The rough coat, which is what most people are used to seeing, is thick and abundant, standing off from the body like a parka. We just adore him. Disqualification: Top surface or edges of the tongue red, pink, or spotted with red or pink. We will approach each of the important anatomical points related to pigment by looking at, firstly and most importantly, what history tells us. 2015 new litter 2 white boys, 1 white girl, 1 red girl and 1 red boy Browse a large selection of unique designs on Men's & Women's Pajama Sets, Toddler and Baby Pajamas, Footed Pajamas & Women's Nightgowns. Eyes – Dark and small (In a blue dog light colour is permissible. Dr Sheila M Schmutz (PhD), University of Saskatchewan - http://homepage.usask.ca/~schmutz/ChowColor.html Will leave with a puppy pack, microchipped, and some food. The tongue will be in the medium blue range on all three of these dilutes. of these articles contact the webmaster. Paul. Share. State. 1895 UK Standard: ANKC/NZKC: Dark … in blue or fawn dog a light colour is permissible. She naturally recalls Ch Pusa of Amwell who, she remarks, had a lightish eye, as had Ch Peng Tse of Amwell, Ch Choonam Brilliancy and Ch Choonam Tswee Tsong and remarks that when the craze for black boot button eyes started, she doesn’t know.”, FCI/UK/RSA: Dark … a matching coloured eye permissible in blues and fawns.  POTTY TRAINED Puppy Breeds . Safety Notice from Pets4Homes - NEVER send money for a deposit or pay for a pet online, unless using our … (888) 729-8812. Mark F. Breeder / Frequent Advertiser. 9,450. Southend on Sea, Essex. A blue with good tongue colour and dark blue nose, Chow female, male kc reg . (Notes:  That’s why, when breeding, we pay close attention to producing happy, friendly dogs with easy going temperaments. Petland Iowa City (319) 512-7949. Cream Chow Chow  puppies © 2017 - All rights reserved. UKC: The nose is black in color except in blue-colored Chows who may have solid blue or slate noses. In the show ring, it should be penalized according to the Standard by which the Chows are being judged. Age: 10 Weeks Considered undesireable. Status: AVAILABLE A solid black mouth is ideal. Full depth of mouth pigmentation on the dilutes may only manifest as late as six months of age. by sharing news, information and education to further responsible breeding, ownership and registration of Chow Chows. Anita Meulstee, Xin-Feng, Netherlands - http://xin-feng.nl/en/520e-dogcolor.html Minnie. Status: AVAILABLE Chow Chow Colors seen are Red, Black, Blue, Fawn, and Cream Call now to speak with us about this puppy.  POTTY TRAINED My wife and I really appreciate these folks taking the time to answer any questions and then following up with us after Missy arrived, I will always do business with you guys, they are people you can trust. they made sure our baby was safely delivered within 48 hours of my purchase. Anthony teases me that I constantly kiss him and say under my breath, “he is so cute and love, affection and outgoing”!!!!! This can be taken to an extreme where dark pigmentation is all but lost. Chow Chow Puppy FOR SALE near HILLTOP MALL, California, USA. Report. chow chow cream puppy girl 4 months old very playful and friendly good with children and other dogs. Where a red, black, blue or fawn adult manifests a measure of pink on the gums, it should be noted and if used for breeding due to other much needed qualities, be cautiously bred back to a dog with solid black gums and a lineage of solidly coloured gums. He has champion bloodlines in his pedigree. Our Chow Chow dogs are bred from show winners in red, black, cream long coats. It's a pretty cream color & is 100% Cotton. Breed Standards may contain wording which requires clarification and adjustment due to expanding knowledge in the field of genetics, new historical archives becoming available, or better phrasing so as to assist modern breeders pursue responsible custodianship, etc. The most characteristic thing about the Chow Chow is its tongue which has a truly unique color : between blue and black. (A Meulstee), Chows – A Question of Colour In that light this quote of Miss J.O.Joshua is an interesting one. For instance, tongue colour is apparently not tied to coat colour, pigmentation of nose or eye colour, therefore an attempt to improve tongue colour in a dilute Chow, by using a black Chow which itself (or its line) does not have very dark tongue pigmentation, though it may have excellent eye colour, black lips and a black nose, will fail. Status: AVAILABLE 3 male cream pure breed chow chow pups born 4/26/2018, american kennel club/continental kennel club reg, parents on premises. Cream Chow. 19 hours ago. At this stage, add the chow chow cubes to the cooking tomato puree. As acknowledged by many a seasoned exhibitor, the show ring prefers the reds, which has dictated the direction of some other breeding programs. (Note: In South Africa, Inqaba Biotec offers colour variation tests for the B, E and D loci but unfortunately not for the A, K or S loci. "Click here to view Chow Chow Dogs in Virginia for adoption. Chow Chow Rescue Society was started in 2016. A black chow with pink on the gums. Stir around once of twice in between to ensure even cooking. I was one of those people who thought it was difficult buying a dog like this on the internet but it was such a pleasure to work with them willing to accommodate you in any way possible so you can get your new little buddy. It still consists of some 20 chows and is the oldest active chow kennel in Canada. I also want to thank you for the entire process. Bearing in mind genetics and history, where Breed Standards call for a self-coloured nose in fawns, it does not mean a liver gened dog (chocolate). They will have dark blue/grey or slate (dark grey) lips. We are very proud of our 2007 Melbourne Royal Show win of B.O.B. For the benefit of the breed, therefore, it is important that dilutes not be bred together for more than a single generation, and then only those with good pigmentation, after which they must be taken back to solids. Polo is a beautiful, champion sired Chow Chow Male. To the future puppy buyer: My Husband & I purchased a cute puppy and can only say our experience was fantastic ! The Chow Chow (Smooth) is exactly the same as the Rough, with the exception of the coat. Il descend des chiens spitz comme les nordiques, mais aussi des m… The solid cream Chow Chow can have black lips and a dark blue tongue equal to that of the red and black Chow Chows. Eyerims must be black on all three of these colour varieties. As the Chow Chow is a hound breed, they will be expected to use their nose a great deal. Bewdley, Worcestershire. | FREE Curbside Pickup, Just Call (319)512-7949 When you buy from a breeder, you definitely want to make sure you’re getting clearances and the proper documentation for this breed. Tongue – Black. Pigmentation of the gums/mouth tissues may take a up to 18 months to reach full depth of colour. Other Puppy owners tell us how perfect he is!!!! Blues will have blueish-grey to slate (dark grey) noses, and fawns will have slate (dark grey) noses. POTTY TRAINED Free Returns 100% Satisfaction Guarantee Fast Shipping You are required to brush a chow chow at least three times a week. Age: 10 Weeks Modern breeders and judges claim their goal to be preservation of the Chow Chow as it was historically manifest. lovely and compassionate. Trouvez Chow chow creme sur Leboncoin, eBay, Amazon et autres. In the Chow Chows’ early history in the west, mention of colour differences is minimal, as is any specific mention of the smooth. A Chow Chow puppy. The chow chow is awesome. Good pigmentation in the Chow Chow has been prized throughout history. By currently understood genetic information, blue, fawn and dilute cream Chow Chows cannot have black lips. Pink present on the surface of the tongue is always referred to as highly undesirable and a disqualification in the show ring. It is amazing how smart he really is. To see a Smooth Chow in action is very enlightening, as the stilted gait is very apparent. Nails: Price: $850 Cream Chow Chow. Some authors have given permission for these articles to be printed out for private free use internationally, both in national judges' training schemes and for private free education of individuals. The darkest eyes are usually associated with black and red dogs. One of the oldest of these Western records is the 1895 UK Breed Standard. For instance, Chows which appear chocolate; lilac; red with a brown nose; cream with a completely black nose after eighteen months of age; black or red with light eyes; black born from red x red or red x fawn; etc. Neither is there such proof that breeding creams or dilutes with other colours produces noses with problem pigment on these other colours. Unless otherwise stated, content © Chow Chow Africa. A Chow Chow puppy playing. Thus, until worded more clearly, where Standards call for dark brown eyes in general, it should be interpreted that in dilute coloured dogs, the permissible eye colour may pale to a medium brown colour (dilution of dark brown). Our pups bond well with their new families and also get along with other animals. Breed Standards which call for “black preferable in all cases” call for what is, at this point in time, believed to be a genetic impossibility. The Chow Chow is perhaps the highest contender for being a plush dog. Red with a brown nose, good solid colour tongue, generally black mouth pigmentation (differentiating it from a chocolate) splashed with pink on the gums & flews. Contact the Seller. I could not imagine a better experience. All Rights Reserved | Design by W3layouts. Faults: Lips, inner mouth tissue, or gums any other color than black, or spotted;  HEALTH GUARANTEE, Breed: Chow Chow With the holidays just around the corner, this would be a perfect gift for the CHOW CHOW lover in your life. by sharing news, information and education to further responsible breeding, ownership and registration of Chow Chows. When the occasional (or repeated) anomaly in terms of colour and pigmentation appears out of a pedigree with apparently normal pigmentation, it would be wise for the breeder to seriously consider having a DNA colour profile done (along with verification of parentage) and submitting results to those who are compiling a database and actively working with such profiles in Chow Chows. This article serves as an overview of the correct pigmentation for the Chow Chow to guide breeders and judges. father is blue, mother is… View Details $850 ♥ ۬ Due to lighting conditions or other influences, deep seated or smaller eyes in the dilute Chow Chow may appear very dark to a casual observer – which may have led to Breed Standard wording being limited on this point. “Best of Breed” with our Chow Chow bitch Aust Ch Cross B’s Cold Winter Breeze (Imp USA). An unidentified smooth sitting next to blue rough Ch Blue Blood - which is manifesting the lighter eye on a blue. It is not affiliated to any club, kennel or individual and “Miss J.O. Save. Until sufficient DNA colour profiling is done and the information pooled for research, there is no genetic proof that the gene for eye pigment is bound to colour of coat, pigment of tongue, eye, nose, lip or mouth, excepting for the effect of the dilution gene. Chow Chows of different coat colors. THE HISTORY OF MI PAO. It is brand new with tags. Call Us Call Us About Kyle. ", A tongue with pink splashes. ... blue, cinnamon, or cream. Subscribe.  HEALTH GUARANTEE, Breed: Chow Chow However, by currently understood genetic information, blue and fawn cannot have black noses due to the dilution effect of these genes. They also aren’t seen that much in dog shows because their nose turns brown as they mature. Be that their gorgeous mane of red, white, blue, cream, blue, or tawny fur; their legendary “tough dog” presence; or perhaps their Chinese roots! – Briela Tosk. 9 minutes ago; For Sale; Dogs; Chow Chow; Bewdley . China Doll Chows are farm raised and not in kennels. Gender: Male. Some Breed Standards disqualify outright, while others penalize the fault in relation to severity. Breeders were relatively few and for the most part considered these as just another Chow Chow. We'll keep you posted! They are vet tested and very sound. Personal preferences and faddish demands from the puppy buying public made recessive colours popular and dictated the direction of a number of breeding programs. Cream Chow Chow Women's Boy Brief. milk, corn syrup, sugar, chocolaty coated cone pieces (sugar cone [bleached enriched wheat flour (wheat flour, The Chow Chow is a sturdily built dog, square in profile. Price: $900 Disqualifying points – red tongue, In the Rev. brought up family with young children... Chandigarh. The Chow Chow is a serious and quiet type of breed. My Regards. He has a good temperament, beautiful color and well behaved for a puppy. 1895 UK Breed Standard: However, some dilution may be evident in the gums of blues and fawns and this dilution may be more pronounced in creams and whites. The top surface and edges of the tongue a solid blue-black, the darker the better. We have to tell you he is an amazing puppy. Directions Call/Text Toggle Navigation. I Purchased Tony a chow chow puppy, from https://creamchowchowpuppies.com he is beautiful, healthy and everything they promised, the process was simple, and they stayed in touch with me through every step, highly recommend. I make sure these are all low calorie and in limited amounts.  POTTY TRAINED Now our lulu is a happy healthy addition to our family, and she is absolutely gorgeous and intelligent!! CKC: Tongue is blue-black; the tissues of the mouth should approximate black.  A solid black mouth and gums are preferred.  Whilst this is not the same as the liver gene, it is not well understood yet. However, all articles remain COPYRIGHT of the authors and no copies Joshua writes that she has been taking an interest in Chows since 1922 or 1923 and remembers going to an L.K.A. Email Address. Chow Chow Africa exists to promote all aspects of the Chow Chow as a breed and specifically in Africa - Chow Chow could have many different colors such as white, cream, yellow, orange, brown, reddish brown, black, chocolate or blue – black. Available Puppies. Older Chow Chows, particularly the dilutes, may gradually lose pigmentation along the edges of the tongue or on the lips where abrasion from the teeth occurs. Sometimes eyes are described as black, which is not possible, although it may appear so on very dark brown eyes, due to the smaller eye, lighting conditions, etc. Occasionally there have been broad references to dark and black nails in history.