Commenter Ecrire un article. Quant à l’illusion des arrières-mondes, Nietzsche la traque sous toutes ses formes. His father Carl Ludwig Nietzsche was a Lutheran pastor in Röcken. He wrote 'The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism' in 1905. He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. Thomas Hobbes, an English philosopher in the 17th century, was best known for his book 'Leviathan' (1651) and his political views on society. Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. Having graduated in 1864, he went to the University of Bonn to study theology and classical philology. By this time, his friendship with Wagner had deteriorated. During the years at Leipzig, Nietzsche discovered Arthur Schopenhauer’s philosophy, met the great operatic composer Richard Wagner, and began his lifelong friendship with fellow classicist Erwin Rohde. Biographie de Friedrich Nietzsche : Philosophe allemand issu d'une famille de pasteurs. Fils d'un pasteur, Nietzsche, après ses études, est appelé à la chaire de philologie classique de l'université de Bâle. Nietzsche wrote his first book, The … Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883–85) was the first thorough statement of Friedrich Nietzsche’s mature philosophy and the masterpiece of his career. His non-academic doctrine was widely spread not only in the scientific and philosophical community but also far beyond its limits. Despite efforts to take part in the university’s social life, the two semesters at Bonn were a failure, owing chiefly to acrimonious quarrels between his two leading classics professors, Otto Jahn and Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl. His attempts to unmask the motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy deeply affected generations of theologians, philosophers, psychologists, poets, novelists, and playwrights. Alain LeRoy Locke was a philosopher best known for his writing on and support of the Harlem Renaissance. In 1865 he transferred to the University of Leipzig, joining Ritschl, who had accepted an appointment there. When a professorship in classical philology fell vacant in 1869 in Basel, Switzerland, Ritschl recommended Nietzsche with unparalleled praise. Talking much about oneself may be a way of hiding oneself. Nietzsche suffered a collapse in 1889 while living in Turin, Italy. After graduating in 1864, he attended the University of Bonn for two semesters. Friedrich Nietzsche is a native of Saxony and was born in the German province in the town of Röcken.He was born on 15th October in the year 1844 to a Lutheran pastor, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, who was also a former teacher. He became the youngest person ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Baselin 1869 at the age of 24. During the years in Leipzig, Nietzsche discovered Arthur Schopenhauer’s philosophy, met the great operatic composer Richard Wagner, and began his lifelong friendship with fellow classicist Erwin Rohde (author of Psyche). "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. He died in Weimar on August 25, 1900. Both his grandfathers had been ordained into the Lutheran Church. Mga kasarigan. German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is known for his writings on good and evil, the end of religion in modern society and the concept of a "super-man.". A speculative rather than exegetical work, it argued that Greek tragedy arose out of the fusion of what he termed Apollonian and Dionysian elements—the former representing measure, restraint, and harmony and the latter representing unbridled passion—and that Socratic rationalism and optimism spelled the death of Greek tragedy. His attempts to unmask the motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy deeply affected generations of theologians, philosophers, psychologists, poets, novelists, and playwrights. Sa publication en 1872 lui vaudra les réactions hostiles des milieux universitaires mais lu… During his professorship, he published his first books, The Birth of Tragedy (1872) and Human, All Too Human (1878). He also wrote Beyond Good and Evil (published in 1886), The Genealogy of Morals (1887) and Twilight of the Idols (1889). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. His paternal grandfather had published books defending Protestantism and had achieved the ecclesiastical position of superintendent; his maternal grandfather was a country parson; his father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was appointed pastor at Röcken by order of King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia, after whom Friedrich Nietzsche was named. Early Life Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche—named for the reigning king of Prussia, Friedrich Wilhelm IV, whose birthday was also October 15—was born in a parsonage. German midfielder Mesut Özil emerged as one of soccer's rising stars during the 2010 FIFA World Cup and his three years with Spanish club Real Madrid. In these works of the 1880s, Nietzsche developed the central points of his philosophy. In 1850 the family moved to Naumburg on the Saale River, where Nietzsche attended a private preparatory school, the Domgymnasium. Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche. The following year Nietzsche was promoted to ordinary professor. His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a Lutheran pastor in … Professor of Philosophy; Director, Center for Ideas and Society, University of California, Riverside. However, this was also a highly productive period for him as a thinker and writer. It is my ambition to say in ten sentences what other men say in whole books—what other men do not say in whole books. Wagner appreciated Nietzsche as a brilliant professorial apostle, but Wagner’s increasing exploitation of Christian motifs, as in Parsifal (1882), coupled with his chauvinism and anti-Semitism proved to be more than Nietzsche could bear. Nietzsche had a brilliant school and university career,culminating in May 1869 when he was called to a chair in classicalphilology at Basel. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! He was strongly influenced by the writings of philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. His father Ludwig, also a minister, died in 1849, at the age of thirty-six, having sustained head injuries through a fall about a year previously. The last decade of his life was spent in a state of mental incapacitation. Friedrich Nietzsche Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Early Life. After a stay in an asylum, Nietzsche was cared for by his mother in Naumburg and his sister in Weimar, Germany. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. During their conversation, Broad mentioned someone by the name of Salter. By 1878 the breach between the two men had become final. 1850. Nietzsche est le philosophe de la volonté de puissance, conçue comme création et plénitude vitale, comme affirmation éperdue de la vie. His father died in 1849, andthe family relocated to Naumburg, where he grew up in a householdcomprising his mother, grandmother, two aunts, and his younger sister,Elisabeth. Omissions? Nietzsche de 1844 à 1869 One of these was his famous statement that "God is dead," a rejection of Christianity as a meaningful force in contemporary life. He became the only student ever to publish in Ritschl’s journal, Rheinisches Museum (“Rhenish Museum”). Son père et son grand-père ont enseigné la théologie. Friedrich Nietzsche 1844-1900. Nietzsche was a German philosopher who is most famous for his idea of the Übermensch. In 1869, Nietzsche took a position as a professor of classical philology at the University of Basel in Switzerland. In the last decade of his life, he suffered from insanity and died on August 25, 1900. He thought through the consequences of the triumph of the Enlightenment’s secularism, expressed in his observation that “God is dead,” in a way that determined the agenda for many of Europe’s most-celebrated intellectuals after his death. Nietzsche was awarded a doctorate degree and became a professor of classical philology. "...Julian Young's Friedrich Nietzsche: A Philosophical Biography is marvelous, meticulously researched, artfully written, and genuinely insightful. He excelled academically and received an outstanding classical education there. Il occupera cette chaire de langue et de littérature grecques plus de 10 ans. Young has managed to produce a work of the highest caliber on the slippery terrain of Nietzsche's thought. His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a Lutheran preacher; he died when Nietzsche was 4 years old. Friedrich Nietzsche Biographie Biographie d'auteur Culture Écrivains. Après avoir renoncé à la carrière de pasteur, Friedrich Nietzsche étudie la philologie et s'intéresse à Arthur Schopenhauer. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken bei Lützen, a small village in Prussia (part of present-day Germany). ... Lou Salomé, Paul Ree et Friedrich Nietzsche en 1882. Friedrich Nietzsche, (born October 15, 1844, Röcken, Saxony, Prussia [Germany]—died August 25, 1900, Weimar, Thuringian States), German classical scholar, philosopher, and critic of culture, who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Oktober 1844 im sächsischen Röcken bei Lützen geboren. German Romantic composer, pianist and conductor Felix Mendelssohn wrote the Overture to a 'Midsummer Night's Dream' and founded the Leipzig Conservatory of Music. Although he was an ardent foe of nationalism, anti-Semitism, and power politics, his name was later invoked by fascists to advance the very things he loathed. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (prononcé [nitʃ] ou [ni:tʃə]) est un philologue, philosophe et poète allemand né le 15 octobre 1844 à Röcken, en Saxe, et mort le 25 août 1900 à Weimar, en Allemagne. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche est un philosophe allemand né le 15 octobre 1844 à Röcken, Prusse et mort le 25 août 1900 à Weimar en Allemagne. Joseph Goebbels served as minister of propaganda for the German Third Reich under Adolf Hitler — a position from which he spread the Nazi message. His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a … Corrections? Updates? His writings on individuality and morality in contemporary civilization influenced many major thinkers and writers of the 20th century. Friedrich Nietzsche is the 10th most popular philosopher (up from 11th in 2019), the 7th most popular biography from Germany (up from 8th in 2019) and the most popular German Philosopher. Friedrich's father's death, when he was four years old, was distressing, which he often referred to in his later writings. Biographie courte de Friedrich Nietzsche - Philosophe allemand, Friedrich Nietzsche est né le 15 octobre 1844 à Röcken, en Prusse. Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Nietzsche’s home was a stronghold of Lutheran piety. Less beneficially, certain aspects of Nietzsche's work were used by the Nazi Party of the 1930s – '40s as justification for its activities; this selective and misleading use of his work has somewhat darkened his reputation for later audiences. Nietzsche’s first book, Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik (1872; The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music), marked his emancipation from the trappings of classical scholarship. Il leur lira en 1871 le manuscrit de La naissance de la tragédie. His mother’s name was Franziska Nietzsche (née Oehler). Friedrich Nietzsche, born near Leipzig, Germany, was one of the 19th century's most influential philosophers, and his work continues to influence modern existential and postmodern philosophy. Within a month, while accompanying a transport of wounded, he contracted dysentery and diphtheria, which ruined his health permanently. Friedrich Nietzsche's Biography German philosopher and critic of culture, who influenced a number of the major writers and philosophers of the 20th century Germany and France. Author of. Friedrich Nietzsche: Human, All-too-Human; Brevity. En 1870, il s'engage comme volontaire dans le conflit franco-allemand. Friedrich Nietzsche was a classical philologist (someone whom studies the foundational schools of knowledge of the ancient Greeks and Romans, such as literature, law and philosophy) and philosopher whose work was extremely influential to many philosophical and political movements in the Western World and to Western intellectual thought in general. German mechanical engineer Karl Benz designed and built the first practical automobile powered by an internal-combustion engine. Nach dem Tod des Vaters zieht die Familie nach Naumburg um. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken bei Lützen, a small village in Prussia (part of present-day Germany). His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a pastor who died before Nietzsche’s fifth birthday. Nietzsche began to incorporate philosophy into his lectures at the university after he encountered the works of Arthur Schopenhauer. Nietzsche obtained a leave to serve as a volunteer medical orderly in August 1870, after the outbreak of the Franco-German War. He also began to distance himself from classical scholarship, as well as the teachings of Schopenhauer, and to take more interest in the values underlying modern-day civilization. Cornford wrote in 1912. Nietzsche attended a private preparatory school in Naumburg and then received a classical education at the prestigious Schulpforta school. Friedrich Nietzsche was born on 15 October 1844, in a small town called Röcken, located near Leipzig in the Prussian Province of Saxony. In 1864 Friedrich Nietzsche went to the University of Bonn to study theology and classical philology. Friedrich Nietzsche biography Friedrich Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken, Prussia. Nietzsche and his younger sister, Elisabeth, were raised by their mother, Franziska. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche wurde als Sohn des Pfarrers Carl Ludwig Nietzsche und dessen Frau Franziska Nietzsche, geborene Oehler, am 15. His best-known work is the 'Critique of Pure Reason.'. The Nietzsche scholar Walter Kaufmann told a story of how, in 1952, just two years after publishing his ground-breaking book, Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist, he visited the Cambridge philosopher CD Broad at Trinity College. German philosopher and revolutionary socialist Karl Marx published 'The Communist Manifesto' and 'Das Kapital,' anticapitalist works that form the basis of Marxism. The final 10 sections of the book are a rhapsody about the rebirth of tragedy from the spirit of Wagner’s music. Élevé dans une famille luthérienne, il grandit dans la ville de Naumburg où sa famille s'installe après la mort de son père. Nietzsche is regarded as a major influence on 20th-century philosophy, theology and art. Nietzsche peut être considéré comme un moraliste avant tout. Nietzsche sought refuge in music, writing a number of compositions strongly influenced by Robert Schumann, the German Romantic composer. Biographie de Friedrich Nietzsche : Philosophe allemand issu d'une famille de pasteurs. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. He had completed neither his doctoral thesis nor the additional dissertation required for a German degree; yet Ritschl assured the University of Basel that he had never seen anyone like Nietzsche in 40 years of teaching and that his talents were limitless. Nietzsche was a star pupil of philology, and his professor recommended him for a university appointment at the University of Basel in 1869. Hi Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (natawo Oktubre 15, 1844 - namatay Agosto 25, 1900) amo an usa nga manunurat nga alemano ngan pilosopo. Greeted by stony silence at first, it became the object of heated controversy on the part of those who mistook it for a conventional work of classical scholarship. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken, Germany, where his father served as a Lutheran pastor. He became engrossed in philosophy, focusing particularly on the Greek philosophers Aristotle and Plato. Nietzsche a perdu sa nationalité, puisqu’en 1869, il devient apatride. His father died in 1849, before Nietzsche’s fifth birthday, and he spent most of his early life in a household consisting of five women: his mother, Franziska, his younger sister, Elisabeth, his maternal grandmother, and two aunts. In 1869 the University of Leipzig conferred the doctorate without examination or dissertation on the strength of his published writings, and the University of Basel appointed him extraordinary professor of classical philology. It was undoubtedly “a work of profound imaginative insight, which left the scholarship of a generation toiling in the rear,” as the British classicist F.M. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 15.